Adopt A Boxer Rescue is proud to
be the recipient of a grant by The
Boxer Rescue Foundation
Adopt A Boxer Rescue -
proud and grateful recipients of a grant
from the ASPCA
AABR recently received a
grant from the ASPCA Philly RAP for $2,050.
Thanks to the hard work and good
relationship of AABR Philadelphia, PA area
volunteer Colleen Kane, this grant will help
AABR rescue and care for many of the dogs
coming for the Philly area.
Philadelphia, PA is one of
the ASPCA's targeted Mission Orange Sites.
You can read more about it by clicking on
the link below:
This is a term
that is synonymous with the more scientific term "Gastric Dilatation/Volvulus."
It is often called GDV. It means that a dog's stomach distends with gas to
the point that the dog goes into shock and may die.
means that the stomach is distended with air, but it is located in the
abdomen in its correct place. Volvulus means that the distention is
associated with a twisting of the stomach on its longitudinal axis. Normal
outflow from the stomach is obstructed and it distends with air even more
almost always occurs in adult, deep chested dogs of large and giant breeds.
Some of the more commonly affected breeds include Great Danes, Rottweilers,
German Shepherds, Labs, Boxers and Afghan Hounds.
extensive study, we still do not know the cause of GDV. In all likelihood,
there are multiple causes. Original theories suggested that it occurred
when a dog ate a large meal of dry food and then consumed an excessive
amount of water. The water caused the dry food to swell. Vigorous
exercise, including running and jumping, after eating contributed to the
twisting (torsion) as the stomach moved about in the abdominal cavity.
There is still no clear scientific evidence to support this theory.
have included consideration of excessive stomach acid production, swallowing
air, stress, and fermentation of bacteria in the stomach.
In most dogs
experiencing GDV, the stomach is not excessively full of dry food and the
dog has not recently engaged in strenuous exercise. The most current theory
is that the stomach's contractions lose their regular rhythm and trap air in
the stomach; this can cause the twisting event. However, the sequence of
events for most cases defies a good explanation.
stomach will cause the abdominal wall to protrude prominently, especially on
the dog's left side. The swelling will be very firm and obvious enough to
see across the room. Occasionally, this distention is not very apparent.
This occurs in dogs that have a large portion of the stomach up under the
rib cage. In most cases, however, the owner is able to detect the
distention. The dog will be very restless, painful, or very depressed. It
may lie in what is commonly called a "praying position" with the front legs
drawn fully forward. Vomiting will eventually progress to nonproductive
retching (dry heaves). This sequence of events occurs relatively quickly,
over two or three hours in most cases.
The first step
is to establish that the stomach is distended with air.
The presence of
a rapidly developing distended abdomen in a large breed dog usually provides
adequate evidence to render a tentative diagnosis of GDV. A radiograph
(x-ray) is used to confirm that the diagnosis of dilatation. It can also
identify the presence of volvulus, in most cases.
The first major
life-threatening event that occurs is shock. This occurs because the
distended stomach puts pressure on the large veins in the abdomen that carry
blood back to the heart. Without proper return of blood, the output of
blood from the heart (cardiac output) is diminished and the tissues are
deprived of blood and oxygen.
output from the heart and high pressure within the cavity of the stomach
cause the stomach wall to be deprived of adequate circulation. If the blood
supply is not restored quickly, the wall of the stomach begins to die; the
wall may rupture. If volvulus occurs, the spleen's blood supply will also
be impaired. This organ is attached to the stomach wall and shares some
large blood vessels. When the stomach twists, the spleen is also rotated to
an abnormal position and its vessels are compressed.
stomach is distended, digestion stops. This results in the accumulation of
toxins that are normally removed from the intestinal tract. These toxins
activate several chemicals that cause inflammation, and the toxins are
absorbed into circulation (endotoxemia). This causes problems with the
blood clotting factors so that inappropriate clotting occurs within blood
vessels. This is called disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and is
important steps must be taken quickly.
1. Shock must
be treated with administration of large quantities of intravenous fluids.
They must be given quickly; some dogs require more than one intravenous
must be removed from within the stomach (gastric decompression). This may
be done with a tube that is passed from the mouth to the stomach. Another
method is to insert a large bore needle through the skin into the stomach.
A third method is to make an incision through the skin into the stomach and
to temporarily suture the opened stomach to the skin. The last method is
usually done when the dog's condition is so grave that anesthesia and
abdominal surgery is not possible.
3. The stomach
must be returned to its proper position. This requires abdominal surgery.
During surgery, the stomach wall will be inspected for areas that may have
lost its blood supply. Although this is a very bad prognostic sign, the
devitalized area(s) of the stomach should be removed.
4. The stomach
will be attached to the abdominal wall (gastropexy) to minimize the
possibility of recurrence of GDV. Gastropexy appears to be the most
significant factor preventing recurrence. Recurrence rates are as high as
80% without gastropexy and as low as 3% with various gastropexy procedures.
Abnormalities in the rhythm of the heart (arrhythmias) must be diagnosed and
treated. Severe arrhythmias can become life threatening at the time of
surgery and for several days post-operatively. An EKG will be recorded
every few hours to detect this problem.
intervention improves the likelihood of a good outcome. Other factors
related to survival include the severity and duration of the distention, the
degree of shock, how quickly treatment is begun, presence of endotoxemia,
and the presence of other diseases, especially those involving the heart.
Dogs who survive the surgery and immediate post-operative period have a good
effective means of prevention is gastropexy, or the surgical attachment of
the stomach to the body wall. This will not prevent dilatation (bloat), but
it will prevent volvulus (the torsion) in most cases.
and exercise restrictions should be used.
cause(s) of bloat are as yet unknown, we believe the following list of
things to do, may help to prevent bloat in some dogs:
Do not exercise
your dog for at least an hour after eating.
Do not feed
your dog an hour after exercise.
do not give your dog excessive amounts of water - try ice cubes or ice chips
for him to lick.
In the warm/hot
weather, try cooling your dog down with a wet cloth rather then having him
drink large amounts of water.
Give your dog
cool water, not ice water or water from the refrigerator.
If your dog
'gulps' his food, try slowing him down - You might put some ice cubes in his
meals several times a day, and soak dry food with warm water to swell the
kibble before it reaches your dog’s stomach.
NotNote: Adopt A Boxer Rescue would like our readers to use
this section as a guide. All information found under “The Doctor Is In” has
been written by and/or approved by a Licensed veterinarian. However, we
strongly encourage everyone to check with their dog’s own veterinarian
before administering any information you get from any publication. And
ALWAYS contact your own vet immediately should you feel that your companion
animal may be sick or injured.
WARNING - Flea and Tick treatments can
cause major reactions in some animals.
Canine flea and tick preventive ProMeris
Study Links ProMeris to Pemphigus Foliaceus; Pfizer Stopping Its Production
Posted: April 18, 2011, 5:20 p.m., EDT
A recent groundbreaking study of clinical, histological and immunological
data of 22 cases of Pemphigus foliaceus, or PF, shows evidence that it can
occur as an adverse drug reaction to the canine flea and tick preventive
PF is the most common spontaneously occurring autoimmune skin disease of
dogs and typically displays as lesions on the face, nasal planum and ears.
The reaction is rare but serious, says the study’s lead author, Thierry
Olivry, DrVet, PhD, Dipl. ACVD, of North Carolina State University.
Ultimately, ProMeris Duo (Metaflumizone–amitraz ), which is also used for
treating demodicosis, will be discontinued. The product, marketed by Pfizer
Animal Health, will be available while supplies last or until mid-September.
ProMeris Duo is called ProMeris for Dogs in the US. It is a novel topical
“ProMeris was one of the many products that Pfizer brought into its
portfolio when we acquired Wyeth/Fort Dodge Animal Health,” says Jim Brick,
director and team leader of U.S. marketing for Pfizer Inc.
“We have completed a thorough review and evaluation of the strategic fit
into the Pfizer Animal Health portfolio, and have made the decision to
discontinue the manufacture and sale of Promeris flea and tick control for
dogs and cats.
“We notified our current customers of this decision in early April and will
continue to fill their orders until Sept. 20, 2011, or while supplies last.
We look forward to continuing to meet the needs of our customers with our
evolving parasiticide portfolio.”
The study that gathered and presented the ProMeris findings was conducted by
Dr. Olivry; Ursula Oberkirchner, resident; and pathologist Keith Linder,
DVM, PhD, all of North Carolina State University.
Since ProMeris’ introduction to U.S. and European markets in 2007,
veterinarians have reported this adverse reaction, but previous case studies
failed to use a drug-reaction probability scale and therefore an ADR
couldn’t be definitively identified.
Diagnosing and Treating PTPF
(Editor’s note: The information in this story was taken directly
from Oberkirchner U, Linder KE, Olivry T. Promeris-triggered pemphigus
foliaceus in two dogs: case reports and recommendations for diagnosis
and treatment. Veterinary Medicine, submitted March 2011. Not yet
How to diagnose generalized PTPF
• History of ProMeris application. This may have begun months before
the onset of clinical signs.
• Development of skin lesions (e.g. crusting, alopecia, erythema) at the
site of PD application.
• Later development of skin lesions at sites distant from the PD
• Systemic signs (lethargy, fever, pain, anorexia, lameness) may be
present in most dogs.
• Perform cytological examination of visible pus and look for
acantholytic epidermal cells typical of pemphigus foliaceus (PF).
• Take several biopsies from recent skin lesions, preferably from intact
pustules, and submit them for routine histopathology. Microscopic
lesions are identical to those of typical autoimmune PF.
How to treat generalized PTPF
• Do not reapply PD.
• Use a mid-potency topical glucocorticoid at the site of skin lesions
• Use oral glucocorticoids at immunosuppressive dosages (e.g. prednisone
or similar, 2-4 mg/kg/day)
• If signs do not undergo clinical remission within one month, or if
they recur after dose tapering, add another immunosuppressive drug such
as azathioprine (2 mg/kg/day) or cyclosporine (7-10 mg/kg/day)
• Treat until clinical remission of lesions and taper drug doses
progressively until withdrawal, if at all possible.
• Prognosis is generally good. Most dogs with generalized PTPF are
likely to achieve complete disease remission and complete drug
withdrawal. Oral immunosuppression may be prolonged in some patients
Olivry says this examination of all parameters studied suggests that this
ADR might represent the first instance of contact drug-triggered PF to be
published in Veterinary Dermatology. The article was published in the March
issue of the joural.
Spontaneously occurring PF, thought to develop through genetic and
environmental triggers, has a higher prevalence in chow chows and Akita Inus,
whereas ProMeris-triggered PF has a higher occurrence in Labrador retrievers
and other large-breed dogs, Olivry says.
The study found that ProMeris Duo-associated PF not only had a reaction to
the same drug, but also shared many of the same phenotypes. Lesions in
PD-triggered PF were found to be both localized and at distant locations
from the point of application.
“We contacted specialists who had diagnosed these cases in the U.S. and
Europe,” Olivry says. “Dogs were selected if they had a history of skin
lesions that first arose at the PD application site, but dogs with a known
history of autoimmune disease were omitted.”
Skin biopsies from said PD-associated lesions had to reveal microscopic
characteristics similar to those of PF, which means the presence of
superficial keratinocyte acantholysis.
“Referring veterinarians from cases used completed questionnaires providing
information on the patient’s lesions and drug application history. Within
the 22 dogs included in this study, two groups of affected animals were
distinguished: dogs with localized signs or those who also exhibited distant
Olivry’s goal in revealing his study findings is to provide veterinarians
with information on the prognosis and management of this disease. In
addition to skin lesions, more severe reactions can occur and can be
“Signs of systemic illness were reported in three dogs in the study, and
four required immunosuppressive treatment,” Olivry says. “After ADR PD
lesions occur and are then treated, they could recur at a later time without
reapplying ProMeris Duo.”
Olivry says the study is referenced in Pubmed as:
Metaflumizone-amitraz (Promeris)-associated pustular acantholytic dermatitis
in 22 dogs: evidence suggests contact drug-triggered pemphigus foliaceus.
An NCSU Case study
Olivry recommends that veterinarians use alternatives to ProMeris in animals
known to have autoimmune disease, Labradors and other large-breed dogs, as
well as in dogs that previously developed lesions.
“Dogs developed lesions in a draping pattern or along the dorsal side after
having ProMeris Duo applied,” Olivry says. “Some dogs showed systemic signs
that included lethargy, generalized pain and anorexia. In the case of a
7-year-old (spayed) female Labrador, a two-week history of skin lesions and
lameness was presented.
“Ten months prior to referral, the dog’s monthly flea and tick prevention
was changed from Frontline to PD. The patient received a total of three PD
applications, three and five months separating them. One month after the
third application of PD, the owner noticed extensive crusting on the
application site between the shoulder blades as well as lameness in the left
front leg. The dog was examined by the primary care veterinarian, who
suspected a tick-borne disease as the cause of this dog’s lameness.
Doxycycline was then prescribed.”
One of Olivry’s concerns with lesions occurring after ProMeris application
is that primary care practitioners may not be able to identify or connect
the product as a cause of the lesions and misdiagnose the patient, as in the
case of the 7-year-old female Labrador.
“Skin biopsies were taken from interscapular crusts and histopathology
revealed an acantholytic dermatosis of unknown origin in the female
Labrador,” Olivry says.
“The patient’s health worsened dramatically over the following days. The dog
appeared in pain, she showed lameness of the left front paw and skin lesions
had progressed. The veterinarian prescribed prednisone (1 mg/kg twice daily)
and tramadol, while a fentanyl patch was applied and doxycycline was
“Only minimal improvement of the lameness and skin lesions was seen with
this regimen, and the patient was referred to North Carolina State
University. Skin cytology was performed on pus obtained from a crusted
lesion in the shoulder, and microscopic examination revealed neutrophils and
acantholytic keratinocytes suggestive of PF. Serum was collected for
detection of circulating antikeratinocyte autoantibody by indirect
immunofluorescence (IF) in our laboratory.”
Based on the strong suspicion of the diagnosis of ProMeris-triggered
pemphigus foliaceus (PTPF), Olivry says the dosage of prednisolone was
increased to 1.5 mg/kg twice daily, and tramadol was to be given as needed
to relieve pain.
“On histopathology, the presence of a superficial epidermal neutrophilic
pustular dermatitis with keratinocyte acantholysis was confirmed, and
bacteria or dermatophytes were not seen in the stratum corneum by special
stains,” Olivry says.
“Direct IF performed on paraffin-embedded skin sections revealed the
intercellular deposition of IgG and IgM in both lesional and perilesional
epidermis. Circulating antikeratinocyte autoantibodies were not detected at
1:20 serum dilution.”
Olivry and his team concluded this case with a diagnosis of PTPF.
“The dog returned for a re-evaluation visit the following week,” Olivry
says. “At that time, skin lesions had improved, as there was only minor
crusting left in the interscapular region and pinnae. The dog no longer
exhibited signs of lameness, and tramadol was discontinued. The dose of
prednisolone was tapered progressively over the following 11 days. The
disease has remained in remission without any relapse for more than two
Before ProMeris became available for veterinary purchase and distribution,
studies evaluating its safety and efficacy reported the development of skin
lesions at the site of drug application in some treated animals, Olivry
says. In one clinical trial enrolling dogs with flea or tick infestation,
six of 293 subjects (2 percent) exhibited skin hyperpigmentation, hair
matting or scales at application sites.
In another experimental study of dogs infested with either fleas or ticks,
one dog treated with ProMeris developed dorsal skin lesions that required
treatment with an anti-inflammatory drug for seven days.
“Specific information on the frequency of these severe adverse drug
reactions isn’t available, but it is important that veterinarians are aware
of the product’s potential to cause the patient harm,” Olivry says. “Caution
needs to be exercised if a vet decides to use this drug.”
Sadly, we have just been informed that one of our
boxers, an adult male who never chewed on things, ingested the
contents of one of those popular Rice Hot Packs used to put on muscle
aches, and he died of bloat.
He had spent the first 7 years of his life as an
"outside, backyard" dog, and only enjoyed less than a year in the
comforts of his new Mom's home. He was enjoying life, and such a
happy dog! We will miss
These packs are repeatedly heated in the microwave,
and emit a rice aroma which must be tempting to animals. With
time, they also get moldy, which again must be interesting to animals.
Please be cognizant of the ability of animals to scent things out, and
take care to consider your animals when purchasing new items.
already know this but if not, here is another reason to make sure your
dog's rabies vaccinations are up to date.
Tyson, was playing with my stepson's Mom and poked her in the eye
accidentally. Since it was her eye, she went to the ER to get it
checked. She told them that they were playing, it was an accident, and
Tyson is a sweetheart; HOWEVER, it is PA law that a report must be sent to
the State for anyone that goes to a medical facility for treatment from an
incident with a dog, BITE OR SCRATCH. The State has sent us a letter
stating that we need to make sure Tyson isn't out & about for 10 days and
they called to verify that his rabies is up to date.
This is PA
law. In MD it isn't quite as nice. The dog is taken for the 10 day
period and confined to be sure it doesn't have rabies and then given back
to the owners. Remember this is not just for a bite but scratches or
anything! I couldn't imagine them taking Tyson from me for 10 days for
this unfortunate accident! That would be awful!
So just be
sure that your dogs are current, and any adoptive and/or foster homes are
current as well.
Although there is much
controversy over vaccinations in pets and in humans, be
aware that the law is the law! A lot of us believe that
because our dog’s are friendly, they would never bite
anyone, and therefore not in danger of repercussions from
the rabies law. Think again…
We have just learned of a
case where two of our adopted boxers have ended up in
quarantine for the next six months, even though their
owner thought he was in compliance with the rabies
requirements. A clerical error led him to believe that
his dogs were not yet due for their shots. His dogs got
into a fight with a raccoon in his backyard, and while
breaking up the fight, he also was injured by the
raccoon. He managed to kill the raccoon and get him and
his boxers to medical help. Wisely, he also brought the
raccoon in for testing.
He is now under treatment
as the raccoon was found to be rabid, and because his
boxers were not up to date on their rabies shots, they are
in quarantine for the next six months. These are not
young dogs, and it will be hard on them and it is breaking
He had the choice of
putting the dogs in a shelter, and not being able to
see them, or boarding them in his vet’s office at $1500
per month. He could not bare the thought of not being
able to see them, so he is footing the bill for six months
of quarantine at his vet’s office.
This could happen if you
are one year late on getting your dog’s rabies vaccination
or ONE DAY! Keep track of this vaccination due date
yourself. Don’t trust even your vet’s office to remind
you, because if they are wrong, you are still
responsible. Don’t guess as to when this shot is due.
Even a day off could result in dire consequences. And if
you don’t think this is fair, then work to change it, but
stay compliant until the law is changed.
Warning - Summertime Alert for Dogs
Freshwater ponds, lakes and streams could be deadly to your water dog if
they contain toxins borne by blue-green algae.
If the water where your
dog swims looks cloudy, with a green or blue-green cast, you should suspect
a dangerous overgrowth of blue-green algae, and prevent your dog from
ingesting the water.
Whole Dog Journal confirmed a recent report,
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Releases List of Top 10
Hazards Encountered by Pets in 2006
New List Reveals Significant Increase in Calls Pertaining to Common
Urbana, Ill., March 5, 2007—The ASPCA®
(The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals®)
today announced that it managed more than 116,000 calls to its Animal Poison
Control Center (APCC) hotline in 2006, several of which pertained to common
household items. “While the reason is not clear, calls in virtually each of
these categories seems to be on the rise,” said Dr. Steven Hansen,
veterinary toxicologist and senior vice president with the ASPCA, who
manages the ASPCA’s Midwest Office, which houses the APCC. As National
Poison Prevention Week approaches (March 18-24), the ASPCA advises pet
parents to stay alert to the possibility of poisoning from these common
1. Human Medications: For
several years now, this category has been number one on the ASPCA’s list of
common hazards, and 2006 was no exception. Last year, more than 78,000
calls involving common human drugs such as painkillers, cold medications,
antidepressants and dietary supplements were managed by the Center—a 69
percent increase over 2005. “Pet parents should never give their pet any
medication without the direction of a veterinarianjust one extra-strength
acetaminophen can be deadly to a cat, and just four regular-strength
ibuprofen can lead to serious kidney problems in a 10-pound dog,” says Dr.
Hansen. To avoid inadvertent poisoning from medications, store them in a
secure cabinet above the counter and out of the reach of pets.
2. Insecticides: The APCC
handled more than 27,000 cases pertaining to products used to kill fleas,
ticks and other insects in 2006, up more than 28 percent from 2005.
According to Dr. Hansen, “A key factor in the safe use of products that
eliminate fleas, ticks and other pesky bugs, is reading and following label
instructions exactly. Some species of animals can be particularly sensitive
to certain types of insecticides, so it is vital that you never use any
product not specifically formulated for your pet.” It is also a good idea
to consult with your pet’s veterinarian before beginning any flea and tick
3. Veterinary Medications:
Surprising as it may seem, last year the APCC managed more than 12,000 cases
involving animal-related preparations such as non-steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs, heartworm preventatives, de-wormers, antibiotics,
vaccines and nutritional supplements—a 93 percent hike in volume. “Although
these products are formulated for use in pets, it is very important to
always read and follow label directions for use exactly,” says Dr. Hansen.
“As with flea and tick preparations, many medications are intended for use
in certain species only, and potentially serious problems could result if
given to the wrong animal or at too high a dose.”
4. Plants: The number of cases
involving plants also shot up by more than 111 percent in 2006 to more than
9,300. Some varieties that can be harmful to pets include lilies, azalea,
rhododendron, sago palm, kalanchoe and schefflera. ”Just one or two sago
palm nuts can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures and even liver
failure,” says Dr. Hansen. “Also, lilies are highly toxic to cats—even in
small amounts they can produce life-threatening kidney failure.” While
poisonous plants should certainly be kept away from pets, it is also a good
idea to discourage animals from nibbling on any variety of plant, as even
non-toxic plants can lead to minor stomach upset.
5. Rodenticides: Last year,
approximately 8,800 calls about rat and mouse poisons were received by the
APCC, representing an increase of more than 27 percent over 2005. Depending
on the type of rodenticide, ingestions can lead to potentially
life-threatening problems for pets including bleeding, seizures or even
damage to the kidneys or other vital organs. “Should pet owners opt to use
a rodenticide around their home, they should make sure that the bait is
placed only in areas completely inaccessible to their animals,” says Dr.
6. Household Cleaners: In
2006, approximately 7,200 calls pertaining to cleaning agents such as
bleaches, detergents and disinfectants were received—up 38 percent from the
year before. Says Dr. Hansen, “Depending on the circumstances of exposure,
some household cleaners can lead to gastrointestinal irritation or even
severe oral burns for pets.” Additionally, irritation to the respiratory
tract may be possible if a product is inhaled. “All household cleaners and
other chemicals should be stored in a secure location well out of the reach
of pets,” recommends Dr. Hansen, “and when cleaning your pet’s food and
water bowls, crate or other habitat, a mild soap such as a hand dishwashing
detergent along with hot water is a good choice over products containing
potentially harsh chemicals.”
7. Chocolate: Always a common
food-related call, more than 4,800 chocolate calls were received by the APCC
last year, an 85 percent increase from 2005. Depending on the variety,
chocolate can contain large amounts of fat and caffeine-like substances
known as methylxanthines, which, if ingested in significant amounts, could
potentially cause vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst and
urination, hyperactivity. In severe cases, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors
and seizures have been noted—and it could even be fatal. “Typically, the
darker the chocolate, the greater the potential for poisoning,” says Dr.
Hansen. “Baking chocolate contains the highest amount of methylxanthines,
and just two ounces could cause serious problems for a 10-pound dog.”
8. Chemical Hazards: A
newcomer to the top 10 category, this includes such harmful items as
volatile petroleum-based products, alcohols, acids, and gases. In 2006, the
APCC received more than 4,100 calls related to chemical hazards—an
astronomical jump in call volume of more than 300 percent. “Substances in
this group can cause a wide variety of problems,” Dr. Hansen explains,
“ranging from gastrointestinal upset and depression to respiratory
difficulties and chemical burns.” Commonly-used chemicals you should keep
your pets away from include ethylene glycol antifreeze, paint thinner, drain
cleaners and pool/spa chemicals.
9. Physical Hazards: While not
necessarily all toxic, items in this group consists of objects that could
pose a choking hazard, risk for intestinal obstruction, or other physical
injury, and in 2006, the number of physical hazard calls grew a staggering
460 percent to over 3,800. “We’ve managed cases involving the ingestion of
several common objects—from pet collars and adhesive tape to bones, paper
products and other similar items,” says Dr. Hansen. “It is important to make
sure that items which could be easily knocked over, broken, chewed up or
swallowed are kept out of the reach of curious pets.”
10. Home Improvement Products:
In 2006, approximately 2,100 cases involving paint, solvents, expanding
glues and other products commonly used in construction were managed by the
APCC—up 17 percent from 2005. While the majority of water-based paints are
low in toxic potential, they can still cause stomach upset, and artist
paints sometimes contain heavy metals that could be poisonous if consumed in
large quantities. In addition, solvents can be very irritating to the
gastrointestinal tract, eyes and skin, and could also produce central
nervous system depression if ingested, or pneumonia if inhaled. “Prevention
is really key to avoiding problems from accidental exposures to these
substances,” says Dr. Hansen. “Pet parents should keep pets out of areas
where home improvement projects are taking place, and of course label
directions should always be followed when using any product.”
About the ASPCA Animal
Poison Control Center Since 1978, the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center has been the
premier animal poison control center in North America. The center, an allied
agency of the University of Illinois, is the only facility of its kind
staffed by 25 veterinarians, including 9 board-certified toxicologists and
14 certified veterinary technicians. Located in Urbana, Ill., the specially
trained staff provides assistance to pet owners and specific analysis and
treatment recommendations to veterinarians pertaining to toxic chemicals and
dangerous plants, products and substances 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In
2005, the center handled more than 100,000 cases. In addition, the ASPCA
Animal Poison Control Center provides extensive veterinary toxicology
consulting on a wide array of subjects, including legal cases, formulation
issues, product liability, regulatory reporting and bio surveillance. To
reach the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, call (888) 426-4435. For more
information on the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, visit
1866, the ASPCA® (The American Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals®) was the first humane organization
established in the Western Hemisphere and today has one million supporters.
The ASPCA’s mission is to provide effective means for the prevention of
cruelty to animals throughout the United States. The ASPCA provides national
leadership in anti-cruelty, animal behavior, humane education, government
affairs and public policy, shelter support, and animal poison control. The
NYC headquarters houses a full-service animal hospital and adoption
facility. The Humane Law Enforcement department enforces New York's animal
cruelty laws and is featured on the reality television series “Animal
Precinct” on Animal Planet. Visit
www.aspca.org for more information.
*My dog may have ingested something. What should I do?*
Kansas State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital is offering a FREE 24
hours poison control hotline for pet owners and veterinarians.
1+785-532-5679 is the number and the service has been available since 1969.
Dr Oehme, a vet and professor in toxicology and pathology oversees the
hotline. Dr Oehme offers these suggestions:
- Be patient. The person answering the phone may have to take a few minutes
to consult the vet on duty.
- Call as soon as possible. Immediate attention might save your animal. But
waiting to see if there is a reaction could cost your animal their life.
- Have any product labels available for answers. The vet might need to know
milligrams and generic names.
- Know your pet. Drooling could only mean he is thrilled to see you!
- Know that the toxicologists are also taking calls from vets about other
animals and other problems, including those problems with large animals.
Keep pets from paper shredders DENISE FLAIM
January 22, 2007
It's never what you worry about.
Ellen Lutz of Aqueboque learned that firsthand last month, when her
7-month-old golden retriever, Striker, ambled into her home office and
licked her paper shredder.
To her horror, the machine latched onto his
tongue, and began to grind.
"He was screaming, and he was fighting for his life," says Lutz, adding
that in his panic, the 67-pound puppy did even more damage to his
mutilated tongue. She immediately disconnected the shredder, and took
Striker to a nearby emergency hospital.
"I was covered in blood from head to toe," Lutz remembers.
A story this horrific is hard-pressed to end well: Striker's injury was so
severe - basically, most of his tongue was gone - that he was euthanized.
"I've been in emergency medicine for 10 years, and this is the first time
I have seen or heard of this," says veterinarian Gal Vatash of the East
End Veterinary Emergency and Specialty Center in Riverhead, who treated
Striker in December. "But I'm surprised it doesn't occur more often. Most
of us have paper shredders at home, and dogs are always sticking their
noses in all kinds of places."
Indeed, Striker is not alone. The Consumer Product Safety Commission has
recorded five dog mutilations involving shredders, and what is not known
is how many cases go unreported.
In February of last year, a young boxer puppy named Cross from Socastee,
S.C., caught his tongue on a home shredder, mangling an inch of it into
what his owner, Sandra Clarke, called "hamburger meat."
In 2005, in South Spokane, Wash., a 7-month-old mix named Alice Lane
licked a paper shredder, which in turn ground up all of her tongue. "I
will never forget the sound it made when she pulled away," her owner, Adam
Forney, told reporters. In her panic, the puppy bit off part of Forney's
pinky. Like Striker, the dog had to be euthanized because of the extent of
Even dogs that are lucky enough to survive lead compromised lives, Lutz
says. "They have to be on soft diets, and they have to learn how to
swallow again." For an active dog like Striker, his favorite pastime -
going on hikes through the woods - would have been an impossibility, she
says, because there was too much damage to his tongue to allow him to
Not surprisingly, Lutz no longer has a shredder. "Before this happened, I
was the shredding queen," she says. "And while I know they're really
important in our lives to help destroy documents and prevent identity
theft, it's going to be a long time before I'm going to have one in the
Some simple precautions can ensure that accidents such as Striker's do not
happen. Among them:
Unplug shredders when not in use.
Store shredders out of reach of animals (and, of course, children,
especially those under 5, who can also be victims of shredder accidents).
Make sure that the shredder is located in a place that is "pounce proof":
Acrobatic kitties that jump atop shredders can also do terrible damage to
To avoid attracting animals, never put food wrappers through shredders.
Do not leave shredders on the "automatic" setting.
When buying a shredder, look for one with a protective bar over the
To ensure that Striker's death was not in vain, Lutz has embarked on an
awareness campaign to alert owners to the perils of unattended paper
shredders. She will e-mail fliers to anyone who requests her. (Contact
Married for 32 years, Lutz says she and her husband have never been
without a dog in their household. Soon, she thinks, it might be time to
think about getting another.
"Life without a dog," she muses, "is just not a life, you know?"
WRITE TO Denise Flaim, c/o Newsday, 235 Pinelawn Rd., Melville, NY
11747-4250, or e-mail email@example.com . For previous columns,
Important Links for Animal Care
pet need medical treatment that you really can't afford?
Or do you know of someone who is having this problem?
organizations that can give you the assistance you need.
No animal should be given up or euthanized because their
family can't afford the cost to save them!
If you suspect that your dog
has eaten cocoa bean mulch, immediately contact your
veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
Theobromine, a chemical found in cocoa mulch, can be
harmful to pets.
Example:[Collected via e-mail, 2003]
Mulch, which is sold by Home Depot, Foreman's Garden
Supply and other Garden supply stores, contains a lethal
ingredient called "Theobromine".
It is lethal to dogs and cats. It smells like chocolate
and it really attracts dogs. They will ingest this stuff
and die. Several deaths already occurred in the last
2-3 weeks. Just a word of caution — check what you
are using in your gardens and be aware of what your
gardeners are using in your gardens.
Theobromine is the ingredient that is used to make all
chocolate — especially dark or baker's chocolate — which
is toxic to dogs.
Cocoa bean shells contain potentially toxic quantities of
theobromine, a xanthine compound similar in effects to
caffeine and theophylline. A dog that ingested a lethal
quantity of garden mulch made from cacao bean shells
developed severe convulsions and died 17 hours
later. Analysis of the stomach contents and the ingested
cacao bean shells revealed the presence of lethal amounts
This warning about the potential danger to pets posed by
cocoa mulch began appearing in our inbox in May 2003.
Unlike the majority of scary alerts spread through the
Internet, there is a good deal of truth to this one,
although we haven't encountered any substantiated cases of
pet deaths caused by ingestion of cocoa mulch.
More on Greenies
I'm not sure who I should address this to but having read
many articles about the dangers of Greenies and finding
the information on your website as well, I wanted to
mention a couple of things. It appears that similar
issues exist with the Feline Greenies.
I was also very disturbed to find out that one of my local
pet boutiques is aware of the information and has advised
their employees "not to mention it to customers"! I am a
dog walker and cat owner and have purchased many Greenies
in the past for "my" pups and my own cat. I have a supply
at home that I had planned on giving out as holiday
treats...needless to say, I will try to return them to the
store. But, I am beyone appalled that a neighborhood
store that should have a love of animals is more
interested in their bottom line (the jumbo variety there
sells for $5 a piece).
I don't want to get the employee who told me in trouble so
I won't mention the name of the shop here. But, please
warn people that local stores may not be very "upfront"
about the dangers.
It is the nation's top-selling dog treat, with $315
million in domestic retail sales last year.
It is so beloved by dogs that amused owners have a
nickname for it - doggie crack.
And it is the reason, contend Michael Eastwood and
Jennifer Reiff of Manhattan, that their miniature
dachshund, Burt, is no longer alive.
On July 22, as she'd done regularly for the past year
and a half, Reiff gave the 4-year-old rescue dog his
Greenies treat. The next day, Burt was on an operating
table, where vets removed three feet of necrotic
intestine and what looked like a soft foamy green
Two days later, Burt was dead.
The couple says S&M NuTec of North Kansas City, Mo.,
the manufacturer of Greenies, sent an e-mail
expressing sadness for their loss, and offered to pay
the almost $6,600 in medical bills as well as $2,000,
the estimated purchase price for a mini-dachsie like
Burt. In return, Eastwood and Reiff would have to sign
a confidentiality agreement and agree not to pursue
"That incensed us even more," says Eastwood, who along
with Reiff has filed a
$5 million lawsuit, charging that Greenies are
"unsafe, inadequately labeled" and ultimately caused
Invented by a couple plagued by their dog's chronic
bad breath, toothbrush-shaped Greenies are marketed as
"multifunctional dental treats" that, when used daily,
reduce tartar by 62 percent and gingivitis by 33
percent. The company stresses that owners feed the
correct size Greenies for their dog's weight and
follow the feeding guidelines, which say the treats
should not be fed to dogs who "gulp."
(For toy breeds, young puppies and the chew-averse,
the company developed Greenies Lil' Bits. It also
recently unveiled Feline Greenies for cats.)
Eastwood counters that Burt did not choke on his
Greenie and was always supervised when consuming the
treat. "The Greenie was a foreign object in his
S&M NuTec declined to comment on the litigation but
disputes there is any problem with the treat's
"The digestibility testing that we have with Greenies
shows them to be more digestible than the average dry
dog food when adequately chewed ... " reads the
company's e-mailed statement. "If a dog swallows a
large piece of Greenies, or a whole treat, the
digestion process will be extended because of the
decrease of treat surface area to digestive liquids
and stomach action."
Veterinarian Brendan McKiernan of Wheat Ridge, Colo.,
a board-certified internist, disagrees. "They don't
dissolve in the stomach," he says. "When we take them
out, they're not digested. And they are causing both
esophageal and intestinal problems in dogs to an
extent that is concerning."
S&M NuTec says Greenies obstructions are "rare," with
most caused by improperly following feeding
But McKiernan believes incidents are underreported.
Earlier this year, at a meeting of the American
College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, a group of
gastroenterologists discussed obstructions caused by
"compressed vegetable chew treats" such as Greenies.
By an informal show of hands, he says, "a significant
number said, 'Hey, we have problems.'"
Concerned about such cases in his own practice,
McKiernan set out to study reports of obstructions
from 1999 to 2004 in the Veterinary Medical Database,
which records cases from two dozen vet schools.
The results, outlined in a multi-authored article soon
to be submitted to the Journal of the American
Veterinary Medical Association, found that, after
bones and fish hooks, compressed vegetable chew treats
were the third-most-common culprit in obstructions.
McKiernan notes that the cases mostly involved small
But big dogs have their issues with compressed
vegetable chew treats, too. Elaine Gewirtz of Westlake
Village, Calif., says she fed Greenies to her
Dalmatians and "never had problems" - until Jimmy went
to live with her daughter and started getting more
than his usual ration.
The 5-year-old Dal had three bouts of unexplained
vomiting. As Gerwirtz walked him outside the vet's
office that last time, "he vomited, and there was all
this green stuff.
"I really think it's hit or miss," Gerwirtz says,
noting that voracious chewers like Jimmy may be prone
to problems. Still, she no longer gives her dogs
It's a decision that Eastwood wishes he had been given
the opportunity to make.
"We always felt if this product had fair warning and
fair labeling," he concludes, "we would never have put
our dog in harm's way."
WRITE TO Denise Flaim, c/o Newsday, 235 Pinelawn Rd.,
Melville, NY 11747-4250, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
. For previous columns, www.newsday.com/animalhouse
Copyright 2005 Newsday Inc.
Update on Greenies!
-------- Original Message --------
Fri, 09 Sep 2005 19:14:50 -0400 (EDT)
Unfortunately, my dog died 5
weeks ago from complications brought about by an emergency
exploratory surgery. He wasn't a Boxer. But, that doesn't
matter. He was a great dog - a 4 year old Daschund in the
prime of his life.
The surgeon had to remove 3
1/2 feet of my dog's intestines as well as the
"foreign body obstruction" which was a partially digested
My dog died 48 hours after the operation.
My wife and I are devastated.
Greenies and Enzymes Can digestive enzymes solve the problems with Greenies?
"I stopped giving my dog Greenies after I read
your article about dangerous chewies. But after reading
about enzymes last month, I wonder if they could help
digest the Greenies? I wouldn't mind giving one to Tinker
every once in a while if I knew it was safe." Helen
M., Hartford, CT
Thanks Helen, this is a great question. In the
issue of the Bakery News, we talked about the dangers of
some popular chews. In this article, we shared some
reports from people who have experienced problems with
Greenies causing esophageal and bowel obstructions in
their dogs. In some cases, with lethal consequences. We
had run our own simple experiment, and discovered that
after 24 hours in an acidic solution, there was absolutely
no change in the appearance, consistency or texture of a
Since we wrote that article, several people have sent in
feedback that they too have had similar experiences with
Greenies. Including one person who wrote in to tell us a
tragic story about her German Shepherd who had continual
digestive problems for eight months. Her vet could not
solve the riddle, and her dog eventually passed on. The
vet performed an autopsy and found a large green mass in
the dog's upper GI. This dog had not recieved any Greenies
the whole time he was having problems. That's eight
months in an active digestive system.
The primary volume of a Greenie is cellulose, and
cellulose is not directly digestible by most mammals.
Cellulose can however be digested with the aid of a
digestive enzyme called (surprisingly enough) cellulase.
Prozyme is one of the leading canine digestive enzyme
supplements on the market, and we checked the label...
sure enough Prozyme contains cellulase.
With high hopes, we shredded (particle size very similar
to shredded cheese) a Greenie and placed it in a solution
of water and Prozyme (the recommended dosage for a
complete meal). After four hours of intermittent
agitation, nothing. The Greenie particles still retained
their shape, size, and plastic-like consistency. But, we
weren't about to give up. We acidified the solution,
raised the temperature to 100°F, and increased the rate of
agitation. Four more hours went by... still nothing. We
put the experiment aside, and forgot about it until the
next day. Twenty-four hours in an acidic solution loaded
with digestive enzymes, and there was absolutely no change
in the Greenie particles whatsoever.
Sorry Helen. Our advice to you is still avoid Greenies
generally, and especially so if your dog is a gulper.
I was talking to an
owner of a local pet store after she offered my dog a
greenie about the warning that we have posted. She asked
if she could inquire about the issue with the
company-making no reference to AABR.
The response is
Subject: RE: greenie concerns from a pet store owner
From: Jody H
Wed, 09 Nov 2005 15:29:53 -0500
you so much for taking the time to contact us about what
your customer told you about Greenies®. We hope you find
this information reassuring.
Millions of Greenies® are sold each month. On rare
occurrences, we are troubled by an incident where a pet
owner has said that his/her dog has had a problem with
Greenies®. When we do hear of these reports, we always
conduct a thorough investigation. Typically, the results
of our investigations have revealed that the pet has been
given the wrong size Greenies® by its owner or the pet has
swallowed an abnormally large piece of Greenies® without
chewing it. As such, we strongly recommend purchasing the
correct size Greenies® according to the size and weight of
your pet. Additionally, we recommend all pet owners
supervise their pet's eating and chewing habits. And not
just with Greenies®, but when given dog bones, treats,
rawhides, and even while eating meals.
digestibility testing that we have with Greenies® show
them to be about 85% digestible when adequately chewed.
If a dog swallows a large piece or a whole treat the
digestion process will probably take longer because of the
decrease of treat surface area to digestive liquids and
stomach action. This would be similar if a dog swallowed
a large piece of meat, vegetable, or fruit. The length of
time it would take to digest would depend on the size of
treat compared to the size of dog. The primary ingredient
in Greenies® is wheat gluten, which is very digestible.
this has given you some peace of mind. If you or your
customer has any further questions they can be directed to
our technical services veterinarian Dr. Bradley Quest via
you for you concern and have a wonderful day.
behalf of the manufacturers of Greenies®
Our advice to you is still avoid Greenies generally,
and especially so if your dog is a gulper.
Tuesday, November 08, 2005 7:18 AM To:email@example.com Subject:
greenie concerns from a pet store owner
I own a pet store and sell your products. This
article was given to me by a customer. It was very
upsetting and I am emailing you to see what your
company has to say regarding their claims. Please
let me know. Thank you for your time.
PLEASE Keep All medications out of the reach of your PETS!
Today we lost Daphnie, a wonderful Boxer Girl. She
and her buddies got into a fully zippered gym bag, and
swallowed some quantity of Ibuprofen. She spent the
weekend at the emergency clinic, but the dosage shut her
Mom and Dad wanted us to warn everyone not to let down
your guard. Most of these medicines have a sugar
coating that animals are attracted to. They sniff
these things out.
How many of us keep a bottle of pain killers in our gym
bags or purses?
We will miss her dearly.
is one drug commonly used in anesthetic protocols that should not be
used in the Boxer. The drug is Acepromazine,
a tranquilizer, which is often used as a preanesthetic agent. In the
Boxer, it tends to cause a problem called first-degree heart block, a
potentially serious arrhythmia of the heart. It also causes a profound
hypotension (severe lowering of the blood pressure) in many Boxers that
receive the drug.
Recently, on the Veterinary Information Network, a computer network for
practicing veterinarians, an announcement was placed in the cardiology
section entitled "Acepromazine
and Boxers." This described several adverse reactions to the drug in a
very short time span at a veterinary teaching hospital. All the adverse
reactions were in Boxers. The reactions included collapse, respiratory
arrest, and profound bradycardia (slow heart rate, less than 60 beats
per minute). The announcement suggested that
not be used in dogs of the Boxer breed because of a breed related
sensitivity to the drug.
drug is the most commonly prescribed tranquilizer in veterinary
medicine. It is also used orally and is prescribed for owners who want
to tranquilize their dogs for air or car travel. I would strongly
recommend that Boxer owners avoid the use of this drug, especially when
the dog will be unattended and/or unable to receive emergency medical
care if it is needed.
Submitted by: Wendy Wallner, DVM July 1997
your vet needs more than your word that you do NOT want your dog treated
with this drug, tell your vet to get out their "Handbook of Veterinary
Drugs". Every vet has one. Tell them to go to the section on
In this section (1993ed) there is this section:
"Prolonged effects of the drug may be seen in older animals. Giant
breeds, as well as greyhounds, appear quite sensitive to the clinical
effects of the drug, yet terrier breeds appear more resistant. Boxer
dogs, on the other hand, are predisposed to hypotensive and bradycardic
effects of the drug."
gave them their names; now please help us
give them a life.
We brought Rikki and
Troy from a kill shelter in North Carolina.
Adopt A Boxer Rescue stepped up to take these two when a local
boxer rescue group asked for help. They have tested positive for
Rikki and Troy need
quiet foster or forever homes that can manage their recoveries. Those
of you that signed up and received the first addition of
Shorts”, AABR’s quarterly newsletter, already have an insight into
this disease. While being treated, Dogs must be kept quiet. The
article reads: “…it is absolutely essential that the dog be kept
quiet and not be allowed to exercise for 1 month following treatment.
Rescuing one of these
guys is in the true nature of what rescue is about. Can you share a
month of your life to give these dogs back their lives?
Please contact us if
you can help us with Rikki and/or Troy.
If you would
like to help please mail a check to:
PO BOX 423
Harrison, NY 10528
Prints on Your Heart...
We need Your Help to pay
medical bills. It takes money to save these dogs, and everyone of them
is worth saving. ALL THE MONEY GOES TO THE DOGS. WE ARE ALL
what ever you can to help us help these dogs. We can't do it alone!